Hemorrhoids - Treatment & Services

Hemorrhoids treatment overview
Changes in diet
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Hemorrhoids treatment overview

Medical treatment of hemorrhoids is aimed initially at relieving symptoms. Measures to reduce symptoms include:

  • Tub baths several times a day in plain, warm water for about 10 minutes
  • Application of a hemorrhoidal cream or suppository to the affected area for a limited time

Changes in diet

Preventing the recurrence of hemorrhoids will require relieving the pressure and straining of constipation. Doctors will often recommend increasing fiber and fluids in the diet. Eating the right amount of fiber and drinking six to eight glasses of fluid (not alcohol) result in softer, bulkier stools. A softer stool makes emptying the bowels easier and lessens the pressure on hemorrhoids caused by straining. Eliminating straining also helps prevent the hemorrhoids from protruding.

Good sources of fiber are fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. In addition, doctors may suggest a bulk stool softener or a fiber supplement such as psyllium (Metamucil®) or methylcellulose (Citrucel®).


In some cases, hemorrhoids must be treated endoscopically or surgically. These methods are used to shrink and destroy the hemorrhoidal tissue. The doctor will perform the procedure during an office or hospital visit.

A number of methods may be used to remove or reduce the size of internal hemorrhoids. These techniques include:

  • Rubber band ligation. A rubber band is placed around the base of the hemorrhoid inside the rectum. The band cuts off circulation, and the hemorrhoid withers away within a few days.
  • Sclerotherapy. A chemical solution is injected around the blood vessel to shrink the hemorrhoid.
  • Infrared coagulation. A special device is used to cauterize hemorrhoidal tissue.
  • Hemorrhoidectomy. Occasionally, extensive or severe internal or external hemorrhoids may require removal by surgery known as hemorrhoidectomy.

Schedule an appointment

To schedule an appointment with a Temple Digestive Disease Center Physician, click here or call 1-800-TEMPLE-MED [1-800-836-7536].

From The Digestive Health Blog



National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC), National Institutes of Health (NIH) - NIH Publication No. 07–3021, November 2004